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2018ACT考試英語必備句子成分

2017-11-15 15:05:47 瀏覽:來源:
句子成分,顧名思義,就是句子的組成部分??忌趥淇糀CT英語考試的時候,如果能對句子成分有比較周全的了解,那么對考生的備考而言還是很有幫助的。
1、主語(Subject)是一個句子中的主體,常由名詞、代詞或者起同等作用的詞語充當,一般置于句首。如:

  The sun rises in the east.I love English very much.

  Seeing is believing. 眼見為實。

  2、謂語(Predicate)用來說明主語的動作或者狀態,常由動詞充當,位于主語之后。如:

  It was raining when she arrived at the airport.

  She accepts his proposal at last.

  3、賓語(Object)指承擔謂語動作的對象,常由名詞、代詞或者同等作用的詞語擔任,置于及物動詞或者介詞之后。如:

  She only eats an apple every morning to lose weight.

  Our parents love us heart and soul.

  He is extremely fond of swimming.

  4、補語(Complement)和表語(Predicative),補語用來對主語和賓語進行補充,以使其意思更加完整,一般主要說明主語或賓語的特征,常由名詞或形容詞擔任。表語即是連系動詞(be動詞、become等詞)后面的主語補語。如:

  Jane was declared the champion of the match.(主語Jane的補語)

  People consider the plan feasible.(賓語plan的補語)

  The young lady is elegant.(表語,表明主語The young lady的特征)

  Lucy was a teacher before she came to China.(表語,指出主語Lucy的身份)

  5、定語(Attribute)用于限定或者修飾名詞或者其他相當于名詞作用的詞語,常由形容詞、相當于形容詞的短語或者從句充當。形容詞常置于名詞之前,其他兩種定語則位于名詞之后。如:

  The young lady picked him up every afternoon.

  She has a great desire to travel around the world.

  The boy who wears a pair of glasses is Harry Porter.

  6、狀語(Adverbial)用于修飾動詞、形容詞、副詞乃至整個句子,常由副詞或者具有同等作用的短語或從句充當。如:

  Lily performed well in the contest.

  Honestly, I do not know how to solve this problem.

  As time goes by, we have a much better understanding of each other.

  有時候,形容詞或者過去分詞也可以充當狀語,如:

  Cold and hungry, the little girl died in the night.

  Preoccupied with his work, he has no time to care for his family.

  以上六種句子成分就是ACT English必備的,希望考生在備考ACT英語考試的時候能重點掌握,ACT英語成績高分的取得需要考生做好充分的備考工作,希望考生可以重視。
責任編輯:zhoujiaming

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